Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and MuseumVirtual Tour
Sign up for Museum Newsletter    Return to Museum Home Page    Search the Museum website
War!:  The Allied Coalition

The Allied Coalition

On December 23, 1941, reporters entered the Oval Office for a press conference. There they found a smiling FDR and a surprise guest - Winston Churchill. America's new ally had come to Washington to plot strategy. While they met, Roosevelt was also moving to cement ties to America's other new ally - the Soviet Union.

America, Great Britain, the USSR, and China formed the core of a broad international coalition fighting the Axis Powers. On January 1, 1942, Roosevelt, Churchill, Soviet Foreign Minister Maxim Litvinov and Chinese Ambassador T.V. Soong met at the White House to sign a declaration pledging each "to defend life, liberty, independence, and religious freedom, and to preserve human rights and justice..." Eventually, 22 other nations would sign the declaration. Roosevelt named this wartime coalition the "United Nations." Later he would lead efforts to expand it into a postwar international organization.
Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum Home Page   National Archives and Records Administration
Lobby Foundations of a Public Life A New Deal FDR's "Act of Faith" The Promise of Change America, 1932: A Nation in Fear Temporary Exhibit Gallery War!  Lower level FDR's Death and Legacy First Lady Behind the scenes Legacy The Allied Coalition Timeline The Allied Coalition Timeline FDR's Ordering of the United Nations. Draft Joint Declaration of the United Nations. Letter, FDR to Winston Churchill, March 18, 1942. Cable, Winston Churchill to FDR, April 12, 1942.